From the creation of the state in 1817, up until the year 1880, the Mississippi legislature, through statutes and constitutional requirement, provided for the enumeration of the inhabitants of the state. The series consists of county population enumeration compiled by the county sheriff and tax assessor. The returns vary considerably in the type and completeness of data collected. A twelve-page Historical Note provides additional background information for the series. Images of the census returns were created by FamilySearch onsite at the Mississippi Department of Archives and History in 2011 and are arranged by description, date, and page number.